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英语专业四级考试全真模拟试题——勤笃学习网

2022-07-19 00:27 阅读次数:

本文摘要:勤笃学习网小编整理了相关信息如下,接待大家点击检察!更多温习资料|历年真题|模拟试题|视频课程,请搜索勤笃学习网官网。

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勤笃学习网小编整理了相关信息如下,接待大家点击检察!更多温习资料|历年真题|模拟试题|视频课程,请搜索勤笃学习网官网。 92、凭据以下资料,回覆92-111题:    Certainly no creature in the sea is odder than the common sea cucumber.All living creature,especially human beings, have their peculiarities,but everything about the little sea cucumber seems unusual.What else can be said about a bizarre animal that,among other eccentricities,eats mud,feeds almost continuously day and night but can live without eating for long periods,and can be poisonous but is considered supremely edible by gourmets?    For some fifty million years,despite all its eccentricities,the sea cucumber has subsisted on its diet of mud.It is adaptable enough to live attached to rocks by its tube feet,under rocks in shallow water,or on the surface of mud flats.Common in cool water on both Atlantic and Pacific shores,it has the ability to suck up mud or sand and digest whatever nutrients are present.    Sea cucumbers come in a variety of colors,ranging from black to reddish brown to sand color and nearly white.One form even has vivid purple tentacles.Usually the creatures are cucumber shaped—-hence their name-一and because they are typically rock inhabitants,this shape,combined with flexibility,enables them to squeeze into crevices where they are safe from predators and ocean currents.    Although they have voracious appetites,eating day and night,sea cucumbers have the capacity to become quiescent and live at a low metabolic rate--feeding sparingly or not at all for long periods,so that the marine organisms that provide their food have a chance to multiply.If it were not for this faculty.they would devour all the food available in a short time and would probably starve themselves out of existence.    But the most spectacular thing about the sea cucumber is the way it defends itself.Its major enemies are fish and crabs,when attacked,it squirts all its internal organs into water.It also casts off attached structures such as tentacles.The sea cucumber will eviscerate and regenerate itself if it is attacked or even touched;it will do the same if the surrounding water temperature is too high or if the water becomes too polluted.    According to the passage,why is the shape of sea cucumbers important?    A.It helps them to digest their food.    B.It helps them to protect themselves from danger.    C.It makes it easier for them to move through the mud.    D.It makes them attractive to fish.    93、 The words“ this faculty”(Line 3,Para.4)refers to the sea cucumbers ability to__________.    A.squeeze into crevices    B.devour all available food in a short time    C.suck up mud or sand    D.1ive at a low metabolic rate    94、 The 4th paragraph of the passage primarily discusses__________.    A.the reproduction of sea cucumbers    B.the food sources of sea cucumbers    C.the eating h曲its of sea cucumbers    D.threats to sea cucumbers’ existence    95、 Compared with other sea creatures the sea cucumber is very__________.    A.sensitive    B.intelligent    C.aggressive    D.fat    96、 Which of the following would NOT cause a sea cucumber to release its internal organs into the water?    A.A touch.    B.Ocean currents.    C.Unusually warm water.    D.Pollution.    97、凭据以下资料,回覆97-116题:    Cultural norms so completely surround people,so permeate thought and action,that few people ever recognize the assumptions on which their lives and their sanity rest.As one observer put it,if birds were suddenly endowed with scientific curiosity they might examine many things,but the sky itself would be overlooked as a suitable subject;if fish were to become curious about the world,it would never occur to them to begin by investigating water.For birds and fish would take the sky and sea for granted,unaware of their profound influence because they comprise the medium for every fact.Human beings,in a similar way,occupy a symbolic universe governed by codes that are unconsciously acquired and automatically employed.So much so that they rarely notice that the ways they interpret and talk about events are distinctively different from the ways people conduct their affairs in other cultures.    As long as people remain blind to the sources of their meanings,they are imprisoned within them.These cultural frames of reference are no less confining simply because they cannot be seen or touched.Whether it is an individual neurosis that keeps an individual out of contact with his neighbors,or a collective neurosis that separates neighbors of different cultures,both are forms of blindness that limit what call be experienced and what can be learned from others.    It would seem that everywhere people would desire to break out of the boundaries of their own experiential Worlds. Their ability to react sensitively to a wider spectrum of events and peoples requires an overcoming of such cultural parochialism. But,in fact,few attain this broader vision.Some,of course,have little opportunity for wider cultural experience,though this condition should change as the movement of people accelerates.0thers do not try to widen their experience because they prefer the old and familiar,seek from their affairs only further confirmation of the correctness m their own values.Still others recoil from such experiences because they feel it dangerous to probe too deeply Into me personal or cultural unconscious.Exposure may reveal how tenuous and arbitrary many cultural norms are;such exposure might force people to acquire new bases for interpreting events.And even for me many who do seek actively to enlarge the variety of human beings with whom they are capable of communicating there are still difficulties.    Cultural myopia persists not merely because of inertia and habit,but chiefly because it is so difficult to overcome.One acquires a personality and a culture in childhood,long before he is capable of comprehending either of them. To survive,each person masters the perceptual orientations,cognitive biases,and communicative habits of his own culture. But once mastered,objective assessment of these same processes is awkward since the same mechanisms that are being evaluated must be used in making the evaluations.    The examples of birds and fish____________.    A.show that they,t00,have their respective cultures    B.illustrate that human beings are unaware of the cultural codes governing them    C.demonstrate the similarity between man,birds,and fish in their ways of thinking    D.explain humans occupy a symbolic universe as birds and fish occupy the sky and the sea    98、 The term“ parochialism”(Line 3,Para.3)most possibly means__________.    A.open-mindedness    B.provincialism    C.superiority    D.discrimination    99、 It can be inferred from the last two paragraphs that__________.    A.everyone would like to widen their cultural scope if they can    B.childhood is an important stage in comprehending culture    C.provided one’s brought up in a culture,he may be with bias in making cultural evaluations    D.the obstacles to overcoming cultural parochialism lie mainly in people’s habit of thinking    100、 Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?    A.People’s visions will be enlarged if only they know that cultural differences exist.    B.Individual and collective neurosis might prevent communications with others.    C.People in different cultures may be governed by the same cultural norms.    D.If cultural norms are something tangible,they won’t be so confining.    101、 The passage might be entitled“__________.”    A.How to Overcome Cultural Myopia    B.Behavioral Patterns and Cultural Background    C.Harms of Cultural Myopia    D.Cultural Myopia—A Deep—rooted Collective Neurosis。


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